Those guilty ones should be stripped from the cardinalate as well, without any further mercy or delay. Some Canons are direct expression of teachings, even infallible teachings, on faith and morals. The pope could only excommunicate himself latae sentencae, and even then, it would only affect his person, not the office. By his words or deeds, contrary to those laws, he is thereby dispensed. His excommunication thus occurred ipso facto, without the Vatican doing a thing; but because many Catholic clergy and laypeople were involved in various ways with Lefebvre and his Society of St. Pius X, and because there was a lot of confusion about the legality of what he was doing, the Vatican wisely made a formal pronouncement on the matter, so as to clarify Lefebvre’s status as a Catholic bishop in a public, official way. All rights reserved. Each Roman Pontiff has the gift, from the prevenient grace of God, of truth and a never-failing faith. They are of Canon law per se. (‘Heresy’ Defined), Is She Excommunicated? I put it as simple as possible. They may do it anyway, but the number of people that will follow them would be significantly lower if they are excommunicated and stripped from cardinalate. A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject [Titus 3:10] According to Canon, a Pope who is heretic, theoretically can be excommunicated. Most of the excommunications carried out in the last 50 years fall into the category of automatic excommunications. But for the sake of argument, let’s say that a Pope commits some crime punishable by latae sententiae excommunication, and he fulfills all the conditions of canon 1323. Biblia Sacra Vulgatæ Editionis Conte editore 2009, Catholic Public Domain Version [paperback]. Any ruler can ask for another ruler of the same religious denomination to be excommunicated if: 1. as-a-child October 7, 2008, 10:32pm #2. A Pope can only be removed from office by death or by resignation. Those two, along with some others, do not show they will walk out of the Church rather they stay and destroy the flock from inside. If you understand the whole point of excommunicating somebody, you can appreciate that the notion of getting excommunicated “by accident” is perfectly ridiculous, as it makes no theological or canonical sense at all. We only know that He has promised that the forces of evil will not prevail over His Church; how He wishes to go about protecting the Church is of course entirely up to Him. Therefore, Pope Francis cannot be excommunicated. 1370) A priest who in confession solicits another to violate the sixth commandment (can. According to Scripture, a heretic definetly can be excommunicated. Click here for more information. These conditions were addressed in greater detail in both “Am I Excommunicated? But so few people actually understand this! Can the Pope be excommunicated? Ron Conte: “Let me explain to you what the word ‘faith’ means.”. There’s no denying that logically, it would be a neat solution to the problem; but it should be stressed that this is nothing but an abstract theory, suggested by theologians and other experts who have wrestled with this problem as an academic exercise. No. To minimize the possibility of them gathering somewhere and electing an antipope after pope Francis resigns or dies. According to this classification, as a general rule, only the pope can absolve from the first two kinds of excommunication, although his power extends to the others; bishops (ordinaries), but not other priests, can remove excommunications of the third class; finally, those of the fourth class, and those only, can be revoked by any approved priest, without further special delegation. The pope actually doesn’t personally excommunicate many. I will stick with the Ipso Facto scenario. c. 331). That’s why, as we saw in “Was Theologian Hans Küng Ever Excommunicated?” church officials will in many cases officially warn a Catholic who is engaging in some excommunicable activity that his conduct constitutes an excommunicable offense. Now try to reconcile this hypothetical chaotic situation within the Church, with Our Lord’s words to Peter in Matthew 16, quoted earlier. Excommunication is meant to send an urgent message to a Catholic that by his actions, he has taken himself outside the fold of the Church, and needs to cease those actions and come back. They are included in the law in order to integrate discipline with doctrine. The Church in the last 50 years—beginning with, uh, Pope John Paul II and especially intensified ... Gov. {12:4} how he entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? Thus, there’s already a mechanism in place by which it’s highly unlikely that excommunication can be abused. Which Mass Fulfills My Sunday Obligation? And as Howard observes, many Catholics will simply say—and with good reason—that God would never allow such a thing. [Matthew 12] It can’t get much simpler than that. They can cite this very biblical passage in support of their position. Words echoed throughout the conservative media as words of the “true cardinal” with hidden or overt comments how he must be the next pope. Those who reject the Magisterium, grasp at straws seeking its replacement. This typically means that the Byzantine Emperor can never be excommunicated. These are sacrilege, breaking the seal of the confessional and giving … And, if your excommunication ends, it can be a public or … Pope Saint John Paul II made a law that there can be no more than 120 Cardinal electors. That is very dangerous. Incidentally, don’t assume that every Pope has got the Code of Canon Law committed to memory! (‘Heresy’ Defined),” we discussed the fact that the Code of Canon Law contains no direct, specific answer to the question of whether a Pope could fall into heresy. Why Would a Catholic Cleric Desecrate an Altar? Pope Francis can’t be excommunicated. An Italian Catholic priest who considers Pope Francis an antipope and claims to have supernatural communications with angels, saints and the Madonna has been excommunicated. Re-post: Can We Receive Holy Communion Twice on Christmas Day? When I have asked others about this in the past, the response has usually been, “God forbid that a Pope would do such a thing!” I agree with that sentiment, of course, but it dodges the question. So it is indeed correct to say that Pius XII’s Constitution explicitly allows an excommunicated cardinal to be validly elected pope. It would seem that this kind of ecclesiastical mayhem is the very sort of thing that Christ assures us He will prevent from happening. 5. One can be excommunicated automatically or formally. 3) Since the former pope has fallen from the Pontificate, the Church can inflict human punishment, which is public excommunication along with a declaration that the See is vacant. who committed an excommunicable offense, he is not subject to the penalty, and cannot be excommunicated. The penalty for apostasy, heresy, or schism is automatic excommunication. Please take a look at this list of my books and booklets, and see if any topic interests you. An excommunicated individual can still hold office - removal from office is a separate disciplinary action. Q: There are certain enumerated acts which trigger automatic, latae sententiae excommunication. The 1983 Code of Canon Law attaches the penalty of automatic excommunication to the following actions: Apostates, heretics, and schismatics (can. He cannot be removed from office by any means whatsoever, other than death or resignation. Does the pope excommunicate someone, or can a bishop? The moral authority is at least 40%. The Virus and the Bishops: Twisting a Vatican Document to Further an Agenda. Canon 1331 lays out the practical ramifications of excommunication, noting among other things that an excommunicated Catholic is forbidden to exercise any ecclesiastical offices, ministries, functions or acts of governance (c. 1331.1 n. 3). Papal critics: “Let us explain to you why Pope Francis is wrong.” Any other laws of the Church which carry the penalty of excommunication are of changeable dispensable discipline, not doctrine. St. Paul was the first Apostle to use excommunication in order to correct an errant member of the Corinthian Catholic community who gave scandal (1 Corinthians 5:1-13). A few eventchains can also lead to exco… Then subsequently he broke that law, by his own action. Apologetics. I just read the recent lecture of cardinal Burke. Likewise, if he honestly didn’t know that a certain action technically constituted an excommunicable offense, he would not incur the sanction (c. 1323 n. 2, as already noted above). But it cannot be applied to any valid Roman Pontiff, because he cannot commit those sins. Why is Google hiding the posts on this website in its search results? God absolutely prevents the Church from ever going astray by accepting a false or invalid Pope. Secondly, Howard rightly mentions that certain crimes are punishable by latae sententiae excommunication. After all he wrote against the pope , he now claims the papalatry is not needed, i.e. Hunger Math – a blog about world hunger, by the numbers. The Reproach of Christ now features guest posts by: Francisco Figueroa. Recently a series of stories burbled through the mainstream media suggesting that Nancy Pelosi has been excommunicated or denied Communion by the Vatican. Excommunication is a sanction that deprives a Catholic of all participation in the common blessings of the society of the Church. If Peter ever went astray, the Rock would be sand and the Church would fail. And when a man is accepted by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff, he is certainly the valid true Pope. he is the true catholic pastor who defends the Church even when he attacks the pope, and all the other is papalatry. For very technical reasons which are outside the scope of this piece, theologians and canonists generally hold that such acts by a Pope in this situation would be illicit, yet valid; but all the uncertainty and chaos that this would cause in any event is painfully obvious. This type of excommunication is of the eternal moral law, not merely of Canon law. A ferendae sententiae excommunication is not incurred ipso facto, by virtue of the law itself; rather, it is imposed by church authorities, much like a judge in a civil court imposing a sentence on someone convicted of a crime (cf. They still might save their souls. After all his attacks, he dared to say, whoever is against the pope is not catholic. To read the Kindle versions of my books, without a Kindle device, get the free cloud reader — or — any of the free Kindle reading apps. –Mike. He acts freely and with full knowledge, without fear or coercion; he is well aware that he will be excommunicated as a result… and he does it anyway. In general, when someone has been excommunicated latae sententiae, it often happens that church authorities will officially make a public declaration to that effect. John relented in 1213 and was restored to communion. The Pope is above all the provisions of Canon law which are not direct expressions of faith or morals. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Popes are subject to God alone (a fact which has rightly awed so many of them)—so unless God were to choose to intervene in the situation somehow, the Catholic Church would be stuck. Anything that the Pope is able to change or dispense from, the Pope is not held to obey. Let’s walk our way through this complicated issue step by step. But those cardinals who rebel, can and must be excommunicated. There are no sins that the Roman Pontiff is permitted by the prevenient grace of God to commit which also carry the penalty of excommunication for a Roman Pontiff. The penalty is designed to encourage repentance and can … Therefore, Pope Francis cannot be excommunicated. 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