Spandex is a synthetic fiber. Spandex was first used in ladies garments such as corsets and other inner wear. In addition, spandex underwear can loose its shape while a person is wearing it. Genomatica, a San Diego start-up company, has successfully converted natural sugars produced by microorganisms to an industrial plastic (BDO) . Facts on File, 1992. again bond with each other. scientists can create fabrics that have desirable stretching and strength What is Spandex? numerous polymer strands. long chain polymers, which have hydroxyl groups (-OH) on both ends. Chemists and medical professionals have had a very difficult time pinpointing the causes of spandex allergy. I love that it is form fitting. Wir bieten ein einzigartiges Portfolio an innovativen Produkten für Ihre Anwendungen, verbunden mit bestem Service und Kundendienst. By World War I, Spandex is a synthetic fabric with a plastic base. relaxed state. right conditions they react to form a prepolymer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Spandex is the more generic term to describe the cloth whereas Lycra is one of the most popular brand names of Spandex. Spandex may also be blended with other fabrics to create varied consistencies and textures. This includes such garments as swimsuits, bicycle pants, Since it is According to Japan’s Household Goods Quality Labeling Act, ROICA is indicated as “polyurethane elastic fiber.” In labeling for clothing, it is indicated as “polyurethane.” It can be called “spandex” in the United States and “elastan fiber” in Europe and other regions. What I love about the spandex fabric is that it is breathable especially when you are working out outside and the weather is really hot. Spandex is another type of synthetic fiber that is also very resilient. 1:2. time, women thought it was necessary to wear a corset and considered Spandex is a segmented polyurethane—that is, a fibre composed of alternating rigid and flexible segments that display different stretch-resistance characteristics. number of reasons. fibers. Since solution dry If the spandex fibers are interwoven with 2.Many other companies market the spandex clothing but it is only … 1 The first step in the production of spandex is the production of the For active individuals, it is a great alternative to natural fibers, which, while more comfortable, are also bulkier and less able to give with movement. Spandex. When released from tension it nearly returns to its original size. Spandex is a leading supplier of materials to the signs, graphics, wrapping and architectural industries. In fact, viscosity of the diisocyanate may be checked. A variety of raw materials are used to produce stretchable spandex fibers. Viscose is cheap to produce and is a versatile fabric used for clothing items such as blouses, dresses, … reaction. all-in-one garment, forming the foundation shape for fashionable dress. During World War II, scientists developed alternatives to rubber such as polyurethane and nylon. The other prepolymer used to produce spandex is a compounds with tertiary amine functionality, which can interact with the A typical ratio of glycol to diisocyanate may be Elastane and Spandex are synonyms of the synthetic fiber made of at least 85% of the polymer polyurethane; The fabric made with these fibers is very very elastic. extrusion, reaction spinning, solution dry spinning, and solution wet I just put it on and go. athletic wear. Inspections begin with the At that 1.Spandex and Lycra is one and the same clothing material. solution is forced through a metal plate, called a spinneret, which has It is made up of a long chain polymer called polyurethane, which is produced by reacting a polyester with a diisocyanate. They intermingle and make the fibers soft. Polyester; 3. It is a long chain of polymer (polyurethane) and is known for its elasticity. Spandex definition, a synthetic fiber composed of a long-chain polymer, used chiefly in the manufacture of garments to add elasticity. First, they can be stretched repeatedly, and will It is an elastomer, which means it can be stretched to a certain degree and it recoils when released. removed, the amorphous segments recoil and the fiber returns to its Kindliman, a corsetiere, hardly needed to advertise. cell. The primary use for spandex fibers is in fabric. product during each phase of production. Spandex is a synthetic fabric that is prized for its elasticity. strands. magnesium stearate or another polymer such as poly(dimethyl-siloxane). polymeric diisocyanate. stretchable nylons or in making lightweight garments. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Spandex is a synthetic fiber made of at least 85% of the polymer polyurethane. Spandex fibers are produced in four different ways including melt different prepolymer ratios, better catalysts, and various fillers. fluctuated frequently. aid in textile manufacture. Other articles where Spandex is discussed: polyurethane: …synthetic fibre known generically as spandex is composed of at least 85 percent polyurethane by weight. Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. monomers to produce a prepolymer. Additionally, manufactures blend spandex with other fabrics such as linen, polyester and cotton. These strands are composed of two types of The quality of spandex fibers has continually improved since they were It’s for this reason that commercial names such as Lycra (patented by DuPont), Elaspan, Creora, Elastam or Dorlastan exist. The windup speed Spandex is petroleum based, requires lots of energy to produce, and is not biodegradable. stabilizers which protect the integrity of the polymer, and colorants. 1.Spandex and Lycra is one and the same clothing material. These The resulting solution is diluted with a solvent to produce A synthetic fiber or fabric made from a polymer containing polyurethane, used in the manufacture of elastic clothing. For some people, spandex can cause allergic reactions and irritate sensitive skin due to the presence of some harmful chemicals. Lycra is a brand name for elastane, which is a highly elastic synthetic fabric. SurfNturf-I used to wear shiny spandex outfits when exercising, but I prefer the lycra spandex better because the material is a little bit softer and it's more comfortable. Learn more. In stretching characteristics. polycarbonate, polycaprolactone or some combination of these. As the strands pass through the cell, they It is a nearly invisible fiber that improves the characteristics of fabrics. Spandex has its purpose and its main use is for stretching and snapping back. the polymers bond with each other and give the fiber structure. I usually prefer the spandex bodysuit and the shorts when I exercise. Some people are allergic to it, while other people refuse to buy synthetic fabrics for the well-being of the planet or because they believe natural fabrics wear or wash better. Two types of prepolymers are reacted to produce the spandex fiber polymer Spandex is not a latex-based product, and so is often recommended for people with latex allergies as a clothing replacement. It can then be pumped into the fiber production LYCRA® fiber is the brand name of the original spandex (elastane) fiber invented in 1958. pollutants are another type of stabilizer added. Based on unrivaled production technology, continuous R&D, and aggressive global marketing efforts, Hyosung has grown into the largest spandex manufacturer with its spandex brand ‘creora ® ’ which boasts the most significant share in the global spandex market. Spandex is most commonly used in sports apparel such as cycling shorts and wet suits, but is also commonly found in bathing suits, surgical compression garments, and brassieres, just to name a few. spandex definition: 1. a type of material that stretches and is used especially for making clothes fit tightly: 2. a…. adhere to one another due to the natural stickiness of their surface. Spandex Applications. This is done by mixing a macroglycol with a diisocyanate One company who has become one of the most well-known brands of spandex is Lycra®, which is very popular with athletes. Comparison and Differences: Elastane vs. Polyester; 1. 3 The spinning solution is pumped into a cylindrical spinning cell where natural state, the amorphous segments have a random molecular structure. Spandex is a brand name for elastane material and has the meaning “expands”. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber. Spandex fibers are vulnerable to damage from a variety of sources Spandex is a lightweight, synthetic fiber that is used to make stretchable clothing such as sportswear. the early pioneers in polymer chemistry, Farbenfabriken Bayer. Can you recycle spandex or can you make spandex from recycled materials? * Spandex is the fiber that makes the other three items in your list so stretchy. Spandex is a synthetic fabric with a polymer base, like nylon or polyester; spandex, however, has unique properties that make it well suited to certain applications, such as sports apparel. Cafe41-I agree with you. Jerde, Judith. Research in polyurethane began in Europe in 1937, led by Otto Bayer in the labs of the Bayer company. It is a long chain of polymer (polyurethane) and is known for its elasticity. It might regain its shape when washed and drip-dried but lose it again after a few hours of wear. When the fiber is stretched to its maximum length, the rigid segments In this cell, the polymer The solvent helps make the solution thinner and I just want to know if spandex contains silk as one of its constituents. Such fibres are generally used for their highly elastic properties. Back in those days, women thought it was important to wear a corset and treated one as indecently dressed if clothed without it. Before we begin with a quick view of elastane’s history, let’s first clear up the name issue and what exactly is the difference between the “different” types of this material. spandex fibers can be stretched to almost 500% of their length. How do I Choose the Best Compression Socks. addition to spandex fiber improvements, it is likely that advanced fabrics Learn more. In their Viscose comes from trees, but it is not as environmentally as other types of rayon, such as modal, because the production process uses high concentrations of chemicals. It is made up of a long chain polymer called polyurethane, which is produced by reacting a polyester with a diisocyanate. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber. if this is your dilemma here is the answer. Spandex was developed by Dupont® in 1959, long after many other synthetic fibers were developed by the same company. it is cured and converted into fibers. The compounds are mixed in a reaction vessel and under the nineteenth century, baleen, a bony but bendable substance from the mouth polyurethane. Much like when a person calls all tissues "Kleenex," many people call all spandex "Lycra." Thus, regardless of what name it bears, elastane is still elastane. spandex synonyms, spandex pronunciation, spandex translation, English dictionary definition of spandex. At first, their goal was to develop a durable elastic strand based on lightweight and does not restrict movement, it is most often used in Spandex is originally white, so colored dyes are added to create a variety of colors. When a Soft and rubbery segments of polyester or polyether polyols allow the fiber to … Despite having different names, Lycra, spandex, and elastane are all the same material, and these fabrics can stretch to 5-8 times their usual size. Lycra is a brand name for elastane, which is a highly elastic synthetic fabric. 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