Robert Marzano, an educational leader, conducted a meta-analysis of instructional strategies to determine which were the most effective. Nonlinguistic representations (Yields a 27 percentile gain) Students should create graphic representations, models, mental pictures, drawings, pictographs, and participate in kinesthetic (hands-on) activities in order to assimilate knowledge. 3. (Include a non-linguistic representation of the term for ESL kids.) Marzano’s work showed that graphic representations have one of the highest impacts on student achievement (1998). The nine strategies listed: Identifying similarities and differences; Summarizing and note taking; Reinforcing effort and providing recognition; Homework and practice; Nonlinguistic representations The nonlinguistic processor encodes experiences as mental pictures, olfactory sensations (smell), kinesthetic sensations (touch), auditory sensations (sound), and taste sensations (Marzano, 1998, p19). a. Use physical models and physical movement to represent information. Ask students to restate the description, explanation, or example in … Marzano et al. The Roberto Marzano’s 9 Effective Instructional Strategies Infographic summarizes the nine instructional strategies which rose to the top: Identifying similarities and differences; Summarizing and note taking (2001) explain that, “the very act of generating a concrete representation establishes an ‘image’ of the knowledge in students’ minds” (p. 78). Cooperative Learning: has been proven to have a positive impact on overall learning. The information has been adapted from Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement by Robert Marzano. 1. The use of nonlinguistic representations is the most underused teaching tool (Marzano … al 2007). This post is part of a series on integrating the McREL research on classroom instruction that works with videoconferencing. Marzano: Nonlinguistic Representation May 1, 2009. Incorporate words and images using symbols to represent relationships. Nonlinguistic representations can also include concrete materials, called manipulatives. A variety of activities produce nonlinguistic representation. Teachers tend to favor linguistic form when they work with students (Pitler et. Note: 2. Marzano’s Six Step Process Teaching Academic Vocabulary 1. 2. Visual tools and manipulatives, problem-solution organizers, spider webs, diagrams, concept maps, Nonlinguistic representations: Providing a representation of knowledge without words (e.g., a graphic representation or physical model) Note taking: Recording information that is considered important Nonlinguistic Representation: Generalizations. Marzano is known for, above all else, identifying ‘what works,’ and doing so by reviewing and distilling research, then packaging it for schools and districts to use. 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